What Are SBA Loans?
For businesses that do not have access to credit on reasonable terms elsewhere may consider SBA loans. The Federal Small Business Administration guarantees, in part, the loans to reduce lenders’ financial risk. The type of SBA loan you need depends on what you’re using the funds for and how much you want to borrow. Generally speaking, SBA loans come with interest rates that are significantly lower than credit card rates.
How To Buy A Business With an SBA Loan
Owning a business is linked with professional liberty, covetous lifestyles, economic reward, and personal serenity. You can acquisition a business with an SBA loan for as low 10% down. This low down payment permits you to leverage your cash, expand your return on investment, and purchase a more profitable, sounder business.
Generally, the less you have to put down on a business, the more expensive a business you can buy, the more established the business will be, and the more money the business will make.
In addition to the low down payment requirement, the SBA loan program has a number of other benefits that make it the perfect loan to buy a business:
- Easier qualification (i.e. lower net worth and credit score requirements)
- Low-interest rates
- Long loan terms
- No balloon payments
- Working and operating capital allowed in the loan
- No collateral requirements
Step 1: Determine what type of business you are looking for
Keep these 3 things in mind when buying a business in order to find a business well-suited for you:
- Think about what you enjoy and what interests you. This will help you narrow in on types of businesses and industries.
- Think about what kind of lifestyle you want – think about work hours, salary, flexibility, location, etc.
- Think about what will complement your unique skill set, past work experience, and knowledge. You want to find a business that you can grow. Keep in mind that the value is not in where the business currently is, but where you will take it.
Step 2: Determine your budget
After you have an idea of what type of business you want to buy, you need to determine a price range for your business search. The SBA loan program allows you to leverage your money and buy a business with as little as 10% down; this means that you can afford to buy a business 10 times what you would be able to afford without a loan.
Calculate the total amount of money you have available for a down payment.
Home equity line of credit (HELOC) +
Retirement plan +
Outside investor +
Gift from family or friend +
= Total amount available for down payment
Calculate your borrowing limit
A lender will lend 75-90% of the total project cost. The total project cost is the total amount of money included for the business or real estate purchase plus working capital plus closing costs. The remaining 10-25% equity injection can come from your down payment and a loan from the seller.
Regardless of how much the seller finances, you should plan to come in with at least 5% down yourself.
If the seller carries a note for the difference and you come in with 5% down, you can multiply your total amount available for down payment by 20 to determine your borrowing limit.
If the seller does not carry a note, you will have to come up with 10-25% down yourself and can multiply your total amount available for down payment by 4-10 to determine your borrowing limit.
Important note regarding seller financing: In order for a seller financing note to count toward the equity injection, it must be on full standby for the term of the SBA loan – full standby means that the seller agrees to finance a portion of the loan, and can accrue interest on that loan, but cannot accept any payments from the borrower for at least the first 24 months. If seller financing is not contributing to the equity injection requirement, the seller note is not required to be on full standby for the term of the SBA loan.
There are a number of advantages to including seller financing:
- It lowers your down payment requirement, allowing you to maximally leverage your down payment
- It is an indication of the seller’s confidence in the business and the business’s ability to eventually pay them back
- It gets the seller to have some “skin in the game” so they will be more likely to be more helpful during the transition period
- It allows the seller some tax benefits by not taking the full sale price all at once
Although many listings will not mention the availability of seller financing, it is always worth inquiring about. The large majority of business acquisitions do involve some level of seller financing and many sellers will gladly accept an offer if it means getting their business sold and only having to hold a small seller note for 2 years.
Step 3: Get pre-qualified as a borrower to get a pre-qualification letter
A pre-qualification can help you accomplish a number of things:
- Determine your borrowing limit
- Ensure that you are eligible for the SBA loan program
- Receive a pre-qualification letter to help in your negotiations
- Get a headstart on your application
- Meet the requirement of being pre-qualified as required many brokers and sellers
Step 4: Start looking for businesses for sale
Now that you have an idea of the type of business you want and what you can afford, you can start searching for businesses for sale within your criteria. Below are my top SBA Pre-Approved Businesses For Sale.
South Florida Profitable Bagel and Deli Shop – SBA APPROVED (10% Down).
SBA Approved with 10% Down! Don’t miss this opportunity! There is a lot of money in this dough! This is not your normal restaurant or bagel and deli shop; this place is a destination with lines wrapped around the corner! The best deli and bagels in South Florida!
Gross Revenue: $1,972,000
Asking Price: $1,150,000
Profitable Fast Food Franchise at a Great Location For Sale- SBA APPROVED (10% Down)
Don’t miss out on the HOTTEST fast casual dining franchise opportunity in South Florida. This 25+ year long standing location is the perfect spot located on a highly-trafficked corner. It’s close to popular beaches, local schools, grocery stores and corporate businesses.
Gross Revenue: $1,558,870
FF&E Value: $85,400
Asking Price: $550,000
South Florida HVAC Company For Sale – SBA APPROVED (10% Down).
SBA Approved with 10% Down! Breeze your way into this 30-year-old highly profitable HVAC sales and services business. With a diverse customer base from new construction to replacement and maintenance AND over 160 repeat maintenance customers!
Gross Revenue: $1,972,000
Asking Price: $1,150,000
Popular and Profitable Fast Food Franchise throughout Florida For Sale- SBA APPROVED (10% Down)
This is your opportunity to own a HIGHLY PROFITABLE and well established classic franchise restaurant. Highly visible, “Fast Casual” dining experience. This is a re-sale franchise with 2 ideally located units selling as a package.
Gross Revenue: $3,484,858
FF&E Value: $308,121
Asking Price: $2,900,000
Profitable Auto Repair with Clean Financials – SBA APPROVED (10% Down).
SBA Approved with 10% Down! This automotive repair shop has been servicing the surrounding community since 1990 and in the same location since 2003. The current owner has worked hard over the years to build an impeccable reputation & maintain a loyal customer base.
Gross Revenue: $609,544
Asking Price: $689,000
Full-Service Auto Repair & Body Shop for Sale with Real Estate – SBA APPROVED (10% Down).
LONG STANDING, well established and profitable full service automotive repair and body shop is looking for a buyer to continue its success and take it to the next level of profitability! Specializing in European cars.
Real Estate: $700,000
Gross Revenue: $541,825
Asking Price: $1,250,000
Highly Profitable Luxury Transportation Service & Logistics Company – SBA APPROVED (10% Down)
If you’re looking for extremely low overhead, minimal operating expense, no inventory to carry, flexible hours of operation, unlimited growth potential & 45% profit margins. Look no further, this opportunity generates great cashflow by booking transportation services without carrying the overhead of a single vehicle.
Gross Revenue: $1,000,000
Asking Price: $1,350,000
Step 5: Make an inquiry to receive initial information about the business
When you find a business you’re interested in, you can inquire about the business to receive some basic information. The Main Man, Anthony Caliendo will contact you after a Confidentiality agreement is signed.
Step 6: Submit a Letter of Intent to buy the business
If you want to continue forward with a business after reviewing the initial information, FNBC Florida will require you to submit a Letter of Intent (LOI) to buy the business in order to receive additional information on the business.
A letter of intent is a non-binding agreement expressing your intent to purchase the business contingent upon satisfactory review of all remaining business information and your ability to secure financing.
You can find a sample Letter of Intent here.
Step 7: Submit the business for pre-qualification to receive a term sheet (or proposal) from the lender
To continue with SBA financing, you’ll need to submit the business-related information to the lender. A lender will issue a term sheet with the loan terms based on this information.
Different lenders require different information for business pre-qualification but most consist of the following:
- Business Offering Memorandum – if available
- Business Tax Returns – for the last 3 years
- Interim Income Statement
- Interim Balance Sheet
Step 8: Submit additional application documents for lender underwriting
A lender will request additional information and documentation from you and the business so that they can continue their review. Most of this information does not take much time to complete with exception of your business plan and projections and assumptions. You can find a list of items typically needed here.
Step 9: Receive a formal commitment letter from the lender
If the lender is satisfied with the additional documents requested from you and the business, they will issue a formal commitment to lend with the final loan terms.
Step 10: Loan closing and transfer of funds
Before final loan closing, there are a number of items you’ll have to complete including obtaining life insurance and completing a business valuation. Congratulations, you are a business owner!
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